INTRODUCCIÓN A LOS HEBREOS:

Introducción:

  1. La epístola a los Hebreos es un libro único en el Nuevo Testamento. Es comienza como un ensayo (He 1: 1-2), progresa como un sermón (He 2: 1-4), y termina como una carta (He 13: 23-25). Sus contenidos son profundos y desafiantes.

  2. Muchos cristianos lo encuentran difícil; algunos equiparan su dificultad con el Libro de revelación.

  3. Pero para los cristianos dispuestos a tomarse el tiempo para leer y reflexionar sobre ello, ellos estarán:

* Recordados de cuán afortunados son de haber confiado en Cristo

* Impresionado con la superioridad de Cristo y Su Nuevo Pacto sobre Moisés y el viejo pacto.

* Advertido del peligro de la apostasía y la necesidad de firmeza en su fe

  1. AUTOR

  2. El autor no se identifica a sí mismo. Muchos creen que es el apóstol Pablo (por ejemplo, Clemente de Alejandría) y han ofrecido argumentos en su favor (véase el comentario sobre Hebreos, Robert Milligan, p.5-19). Pero todavía parece poco probable cuando se considera la declaración del autor, «… fuenos lo confirmaron los que lo oyeron «(Heb 2: 3). Esto sugiere que el autor recibió el mensaje del evangelio de segunda mano, mientras que Pablo declaró que él no había recibido el evangelio de los hombres ni a través de ellos (Ga 1: 11-12).

  3. Se han propuesto otros nombres a través de los años: Bernabés (sugerido por Tertuliano), Apolos (sugerido por Lutero), incluso Priscilla (sugerido por Harnack). Quizás Orígenes lo dice mejor, «Pero, ¿quién escribió la epístola, paraasegúrnos?, solo Dios sabe «.

  4. DESTINATARIOS

  5. El consenso general es que esta carta fue escrita para judíos Cristianos. Existe incertidumbre sobre dónde estaban ellos y el autor en el momento de la composición.

  6. Muchos creen que los destinatarios estaban en Palestina, y el autor en Roma. Otros sugieren que los lectores estaban en Roma y el autor en otra parte, basado en una posible implicación en He 13:24. En cualquier caso, eran cristianos judíos a quienes el autor sabía personalmente (He 10:3413:19).

III. FECHA

  1. Sabemos que la epístola fue escrita antes del 96 d.C., porque Clemente de Roma cita a Hebreos en su carta que fue escrita en ese momento.

  2. Ciertamente hay fuertes indicios de que fue escrito antes de los 70 NO SEANUNCIA….

* No se menciona la destrucción de Jerusalén y el templo

* El autor escribe como si los sacerdotes todavía ofrecieran sacrificios – He 8: 410:11

  1. Si los cristianos judíos estaban en Palestina, era probable antes o en el comienzo de las guerras judías (ca. 66-70 A.D., véase He 12: 4).

  2. El marco de tiempo de 63-65 A.D. a menudo se sugiere.

  3. PROPÓSITO Y TEMA

  4. El autor escribió esta epístola para evitar que sus lectores abandonen su fe en Cristo (He 2: 1-4). Para alentar a sus hermanos judíos no para volver a la antigua ley, se esforzó por mostrar la superioridad de Cristo y su pacto (He 8: 1-2,6). Una palabra clave que se encuentra en todo el epístola es «mejor»:

* Cristo es «mejor que los ángeles» – He 1: 4

* Disfrutamos «traer una mejor esperanza» – Heb 7:19

* Jesús se ha convertido en «el fiador de un mejor pacto» – Heb 7:22

* Él también es «el Mediador de un mejor pacto, que era establecido en mejores promesas «- He 8: 6

* Las cosas celestiales se benefician de «mejores sacrificios» – He 9:23

  1. De hecho, el propósito de esta epístola era exhortar a sus lectores a permanecer fieles a las cosas mucho mejores que tienen en Cristo (He 13:22). Como por su tema, sugiero lo siguiente: La superioridad de Cristo y el nuevo pacto

  2. CONTORNO

  3. Aquí hay un esquema simple del libro, con sus principales divisiones …

  4. La superioridad de Cristo – He 1: 1-8: 6

  5. Mejor que los profetas, como mucho mejor Portavoz – He 1: 1-3.

  6. Mejor que los ángeles, en virtud de Su Deidad y humanidad – Heb. 1: 4-2: 18.

  7. Mejor que Moisés, porque Él es el Hijo que proporciona un descanso celestial – He 3: 1-4: 13.

  8. Mejor que Aarón, ya que Su sacerdocio es superior – Heb. 4: 16-8: 6

  9. La superioridad del Nuevo Pacto – He 8: 7-10: 18

  10. Porque se basa en mejores promesas – He 8: 7-13.

  11. Porque se basa en un santuario mejor – He 9: 1-28.

  12. Porque se basa en un sacrificio mejor – He 10: 1-18

  13. Exhortaciones extraídas de esta superioridad – He 10: 19-13: 25

  14. Acercate a Dios y aferrate – He 10: 19-39.

  15. Corre la carrera de la fe con perseverancia – He 11: 1-12: 29.

  16. Exhortaciones misceláneas – He 13: 1-25

  17. ADVERTENCIAS PRINCIPALES

  18. Una característica única de la epístola a los Hebreos son las advertencias a través del libro. Al concluir esta introducción, quizás pueda ser rentable para resumirlos.

  19. La advertencia contra la deriva – He 2: 1-4

  20. Por negligencia, podemos irnos fácilmente

  21. La solución es prestar más atención a las cosas que he oido

  22. La advertencia en contra de partir – He 3: 12-15

  23. A través del engaño del pecado podemos endurecernos y desarrollar un falta de fe por la cual podemos apartarnos del Dios viviente

  24. La solución es exhortarse unos a otros diariamente y permanecer firmes

  25. La advertencia contra desobediencia

CONCLUSIÓN:

  1. Con tales advertencias, este libro es de hecho cuando nosotros procedamos a través del libro en las próximas lecciones, será mi intento…

A.1- «Recordarles», cuán bendito somos nosotros si confiamos en Cristo.

A.2- «Impresionarles», con la superioridad de Cristo y su Nuevo Testamento por encima de Moisés y el Antiguo Testamento.

A.3- «Advertirles», del peligro real de la apostasía y la necesidad de la constancia en nuestra fe.

B Mi trabajo será fácil, si soy fiel permitiendo que el libro hable por sí mismo… Esa es mi esperanza y oración.

REFERENCIA:

THE EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWS – By Mark A. Copeland

 

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