La Destrucción de Jerusalén:

(Señales del “Fin”)
Mateo 24

Introducción:
A. Es muy importante estudiar este tema porque es tipo del juicio final.
B. Exhortaciones acerca de Noé y Lot son aplicables a ambos eventos.

I. El “fin” – no el fin del mundo sino de Jerusalén,
 Mat. 24:1, “templo”; 2, “no quedará aquí piedra sobre piedra, que no sea derribada”
 V. 3, “fin (consumación) del siglo”
 V. 6, “aun no es el fin”
 V. 13, “persevere hasta el fin”
 V. 14, “entonces vendrá el fin”

II. Señales antes del fin
 V. 5, 23-28, falsos cristos
 V. 7, guerras, pestes, hombres, terremotos
 V. 9, 10, persecución severa
 V. 11, falsos profetas
 V. 12, la maldad multiplicada, invasiones, matanza de miles
 V. 14, “evangelio predicado a todo el mundo,” Col. 1:23.
 “entonces vendrá el fin” – el fin de Jerusalén.
III. Ejército romano iba a poner sitio a Jerusalén.
 Mat. 24:15, abominación desoladora (gentiles en el santuario).
 Lucas 21:20, “Jerusalén rodeada de ejércitos” romanos.
 Lucas 21:22, “días de retribución”, llegaron en la primavera del año 70 del primer siglo.

IV. Al ver estas señales, los discípulos deberían huir de Jerusalén y Judea.
 Mat. 24:16-18; Luc. 21:21, huir de Judea a los montes, no entrar en Judea.
 Luc. 17:31-33, No tratar de sacar cosas de sus casas.
 Esta profecía y advertencia dadas para salvar la vida de los discípulos. Los judíos incrédulos se reunieron en Jerusalén y en el área del templo, pensando que era el lugar más seguro, pero en realidad era el lugar más peligroso. Había matanza de muchos miles de judíos.

V. “Habrá entonces gran tribulación”.
 No sería tribulación de siete años después del “rapto secreto” como enseñan los falsos maestros, sino en Jerusalén y en Judea en al año 70.
 Luc. 21:23, “¡ay de las que estén encintas, y de las que críen en aquellos días!”
 Luc. 21:24, “caerán a filo de espada, y serán llevados cautivos a todas las naciones” (mayormente a Egipto).
—- Jesús dice (Mateo 24:21) hablando de la tribulación de la destrucción de Jerusalén en el año 70, “habrá entonces gran tribulación, cual no la ha habido desde el principio del mundo hasta ahora, ni la habrá”; es decir, en este mundo, porque esa tribulación no se puede comparar con el espantoso e interminable infierno de fuego en el cual habrá sufrimiento, agonía, angustia, tortura más allá de toda imaginación humana.
VI. La caída completa y final del judaísmo.
 Mat. 24:29-31, “inmediatamente después de la tribulación de aquellos días, el sol se oscurecerá, y la luna no dará su resplandor, y las estrellas caerán del cielo, y las potencias de los cielos serán conmovidas”
 El mismo lenguaje fue usado en Isa. 13:10 para describir la caída de Babilonia.
 Dicen muchos, “Pero suena como el fin del mundo”. Era el fin del mundo para Babilonia y el judaísmo.
 Joel 2:30-32, citado por Pedro, Hechos 2:16, 17. “esto es lo dicho por el profeta Joel: Cambio de gobierno: el fin del judaísmo y el principio del reino de Cristo.
 El “eclipse” descrito por Jesús y Pedro era el eclipse del judaísmo.
 La llegada del Espíritu Santo era la llegada del reino de Cristo.

VII. La “venida” del Hijo del Hombre.
 Mat. 24:30, “verán al Hijo del Hombre viniendo sobre las nubes del cielo, con poder y gran gloria”. Esto no se refiere a su segunda venida. 2 Ped. 3:10 es el texto que describe la segunda venida de Cristo y el fin de la tierra (el mundo). Compárese Juan 14:18, “vendré a vosotros”; el contexto indica que esta venida sería en la Persona del Espíritu Santo.
 El contexto (Mat. 24 con Luc. 21) indica que la venida prometida en Mat. 24:30 sería en la persona del general romano que sería usado por Dios para castigar a los judíos.
 “viniendo sobre las nubes del cielo”. Compárese Isaías 19;1, se usa el mismo lenguaje para describir el castigo de Egipto. Tengamos mucho cuidado de no tropezar y caer al estudiar lenguaje profético.
 Mat. 24:27, vendría como relámpago. Los discípulos no deberían escuchar a los que decían, “Mirad, está en el desierto, etc.” porque los ejércitos romanos serían visibles a todos.
 Mat. 24:28, “Porque dondequiera que estuviere el cuerpo muerto, allá se juntarán las águilas”. Así era Jerusalén, como “cuerpo muerto” y atraía su propia destrucción.
 Mat. 24:34; Lucas 21:32, “no pasará esta generación hasta que todo esto acontezca”. ¡Este texto enseña enfáticamente que esta profecía de Jesús sería cumplida durante el primer siglo!
 Mat. 23:36, “todo esto vendrá sobre esta generación”; v. 38, “vuestra casa os es dejada desierta”.
 Muchos religiosos insisten en que “generación” significa “raza”; es decir, que estas cosas sucederán antes de que se acabe la raza judaica, pero tal “interpretación” no tiene base alguna. Tales maestros simplemente no quieren aceptar lo obvio.
 Sin duda alguna Jesús se refería a los judíos que estarían vivos en el año 70. Mat. 23:36 nos da evidencia concluyente de esto.

VI. El significado y los resultados de este gran evento.
A. Profecías cumplidas para confirmar la inspiración de las Escrituras.
 A. T., Lev. 26; Deut. 28.
 N. T., Mat. 24; Mar. 13; Luc. 17, 21.
 Muchos de los que estaban vivos cuando Jesús pronunció esta profecía estaban todavía vivos cuando se cumplió.

B. Confirmó que Jesús de Nazaret era el Mesías.
 Los registros genealógicos destruidos por fuego en el año 70.
 Por eso, después de esa fecha era imposible probar que otro fuera de la simiente de Abraham, de la tribu de Judá y de la familia de David. Véase Mat. 1.

C. Terminó la práctica del judaísmo bíblico.
 Ya no hubo sacerdocio, sanedrín, sacrificios (el templo, el único lugar donde podían ofrecerlos, quedó completamente destruido).
 El llamado “retorno” de los judíos en 1948 era insignificante.
 El sol, la luna y las estrellas del judaísmo quedaron sin luz.

D. Produjo una separación clara entre el judaísmo y la iglesia de Cristo,
 Muchos pensaban que la iglesia de Cristo era otra secta de los judíos.
 Véase Hechos. 28:22. Con el fin del judaísmo se eliminó esa confusión.

E. Puso fin al poder perseguidor del judaísmo (Hech. 4- 28).
 Luc. 21:28, “Cuando estas cosas comiencen a suceder, erguíos y levantad vuestra cabeza, porque vuestra redención está cerca”. (La “redención” de este texto se refiere a la liberación de la persecución de los judíos).

F. Nos ayuda a entender ciertos textos.
 Heb. 10:25, “cuanto veis que aquel día se acerca”, al observar las señales que Jesús mencionó.
 Santiago 5:8, “la venida del Señor se acerca”, escrita a “las doce tribus que están en la dispersión”.
 1 Ped. 4:7, “el fin de todas las cosas se acerca”. No la segunda venida de Cristo, 2 Ped. 5:10, sino el fin del judaísmo.

Conclusión:
 La destrucción de Jerusalén es un ejemplo del juicio de Dios, como el diluvio y Sodoma.
 Pero las señales (Mat. 24:6, 7) no son señales de la segunda venida de Cristo que será como la venida del ladrón, no anunciado.
 1 Tes. 5:1-3, “el día del Señor vendrá así como ladrón en la noche … no escaparán”.
 1 Ped. 4:17, “¿cuál será el fin de aquellos que no obedecen al evangelio?”
Respuesta: 2 Tesalonicenses 1:7-9, Cristo viene en llama de fuego para dar retribución a los que no han obedecido al evangelio de Cristo.
* * * * * * * * * * *

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