Las calificaciones de Cristo como Sumo Sacerdote:

 (Hebreos 5:1-10)

INTRODUCCIÓN

1. Un tema recurrente en esta epístola es el de Jesús como nuestro Sumo Sacerdote; Él ha sido descrito como:

a. Un «Sumo Sacerdote misericordioso y fiel» – He 2:17

b. El «Sumo Sacerdote de nuestra confesión» – He 3: 1

c. Un «gran Sumo Sacerdote que ha pasado por los cielos» – He 4:14

d. Un Sumo Sacerdote que puede «simpatizar con nuestras debilidades» – He 4:15

2. Esto está de acuerdo con el propósito general de la epístola …

a. Lo cual es para mostrar la superioridad de Jesús y su nuevo pacto

b. Hemos considerado la superioridad de Jesús a … 1) Profetas – He 1: 1-3 2) Ángeles – He 1: 4-2: 18 3) Moisés – He 3: 1-6… es natural que una comparación con Aarón y su sacerdocio estar hecho

3. La comparación real con Aarón seguirá más adelante, pero primero es una necesidad de …

a. Revise las cualidades requeridas en los sumos sacerdotes

b. Establezca que Jesús sí califica como un Sumo Sacerdote – Que es lo que encontramos en el texto para nuestro estudio de hoy – He 5: 1-10 [Para los lectores no judíos que no estén familiarizados con el papel de los altos sacerdotes, esta sección de las Escrituras puede ser esclarecedora y aumentar nuestra apreciación de Jesús como nuestro Sumo Sacerdote. Comenzamos por notar …]

I. LAS CUALIDADES REQUERIDAS EN LOS SUMO SACERDOTES (Heb. 5:1-4)

A. DESIGNACIÓN DIVINA (Heb. 5:1,4)

1. El trabajo del sumo sacerdote involucra «cosas pertenecientes a Dios «- ver He 2:17

2. Él debe «ofrecer ambos regalos y sacrificios por los pecados» – cf. Heb. 8:3 – Por lo tanto, solo Dios puede legítimamente seleccionar un sumo sacerdote, incluso como Dios llamado Aarón – por ejemplo, Exo 28,29Lev 8,9Num 16-18

B. LA SIMPATÍA HUMANA (Heb. 5:1-3)

1. Un sumo sacerdote es seleccionado «de entre los hombres»

2. Esto ayuda a asegurar un espíritu de «compasión» …

a. Hacia «aquellos que son ignorantes y van por mal camino» 1) Tenga en cuenta que el sumo sacerdote debía hacer una distinción entre los pecados de ignorancia y los pecados de presunción (rebelión) – Num 15: 22-31 2) Los sacrificios debían ser ofrecidos en nombre de los primeros, pero no el último

b. Porque «él mismo a menudo está acosado por la debilidad» 1) Un sumo sacerdote que sabía que su propia debilidad sería más probable que sea la comprensión de sus hermanos 2) También explica por qué el sumo sacerdote en el Antiguo Testamento ofreció sacrificios por sus propios pecados, así como por los pecados de la gente – cf. Lev 16:11 – Por lo tanto, un sumo sacerdote tendría que estar bien familiarizado con el «condición humana» (es decir, la lucha contra la tentación) [El paralelo entre los sumos sacerdotes en el Antiguo Testamento y Jesús como nuestro Alto El sacerdote no es verdadero en todos los detalles (por ejemplo, He 7: 26-27). Pero ciertamente en las formas más fundamentales en que Jesús tiene las cualidades para sé nuestro Sumo Sacerdote, como ahora lo consideramos …]

II. LAS CALIFICACIONES DE CRISTO COMO SUMOSACERDOTE (Heb. 5:5-8)

A. DIVINAMENTE DESIGNADO (Heb. 5:5,6)

1. Cristo fue divinamente llamado a servir como Sumo Sacerdote, al igual que Aarón lo era

2. Como evidencia de su llamado, dos profecías mesiánicas son Ofrecido…

a. Su posición como Hijo de Dios – ver. Ps 2: 7

b. Su nombramiento como sacerdote según el orden de Melquisedec – cf. Ps 110: 4 – Como el Hijo de Dios, sentado y gobernando a la diestra de Dios (ver Salmo 110: 1-3), su llamado como sacerdote es natural

B. SIMPATÍA DEBIDO A SUS PROPIOS SUFRIMIENTOS (Heb. 5:7,8)

1. Mientras que «en los días de Su carne», Cristo …

a. «ofreció oraciones y súplicas con gritos vehementes y lágrimas»

b. Él oró «a Aquel que fue capaz de salvarlo de la muerte»

c. Él fue escuchado «a causa de su temor piadoso»

2. Que Jesús tendría «temor piadoso» y ofrecer tales oraciones proporciona una idea del alcance de Sus tentaciones y sufrimientos en la carne – cf. también He 2:184:15

3. Aunque era el Hijo de Dios, por las cosas que sufrió «Aprendió obediencia», ¿qué significa esto?

a. Ciertamente Él conocía la obediencia como el Hijo de Dios

b. Tal vez significa que llegó a saber qué implicaba la obediencia uno «en la carne» (es decir, el desafío de la obediencia en el en medio del sufrimiento, las tentaciones, etc.) – A través de Su sufrimiento, Jesús ciertamente entiende el «ser humano en su condición» que lo califica para servir como Sumo Sacerdote [Calificado en virtud de Su llamado y Su compasión para ser un Alto Sacerdote, ¿qué clase de Sumo Sacerdote es Jesús? Los siguientes dos versos presentar dos temas que se desarrollarán mucho más adelante …]

III. EL LLAMAMIENTO DE CRISTO COMO NUESTRO SUMO SACERDOTE (Heb. 5:9,10)

A. «EL AUTOR DE LA SALVACIÓN ETERNA» (Heb. 5:9)

1. «Perfeccionado» en virtud de Sus sufrimientos «en la carne», Él tiene convertirse en el «autor» de la salvación eterna

a. La palabra «autor» proviene de aitio, que significa literalmente, «porque»

b. Más tarde, veremos cómo Cristo es la «causa» de nuestra salvación – cf. Heb. 7: 24-27

2. Pero por ahora, nótese que Él es la causa de la salvación para «todos aquellos que lo obedecen «

a. ¿Es la obediencia necesaria para la salvación? Considera estos versos: 1) Jesús vengará a los que no obedecieron el evangelio – 2Th 1: 7-9; cf. 1Pe 4: 17-18 2) Pablo trató de lograr la «obediencia a la fe» entre todas las naciones – Ro 1: 516: 25-26 a) Pero no todos habían obedecido el evangelio – Ro 10:16 b) Sin embargo, estaba agradecido por los que tenían – Ro 6: 17,18 3) Los que han obedecido la verdad han purificado su almas – 1Pe 1:22

b. Si la obediencia es necesaria para la salvación, ¿entonces nos salvamos? ¡por obras? 1) No si por «obras» te refieres a «obras meritorias» (obras de que GANAMOS la salvación) 2) Pero si te refieres con «obras» a las «obras de Dios» (obras de que RECIBIMOS el regalo inmerecido de la salvación de Dios) que Dios ha ordenado, ¡entonces sí! a) Por ejemplo, creer en Cristo es una «obra de Dios» – Jn 6:28-29 b) Ya que el arrepentimiento y el bautismo también no están prohibidos por Dios, ellos también serían «obras de Dios» que debemos obedecer para recibir la salvación, por ejemplo, Hch 2:3810:48 – Por lo tanto, la salvación «por gracia mediante la fe» no excluye la necesidad de la obediencia a Cristo y su evangelio!

B. «SEGÚN LA ORDEN DE MELQUISEDEC» (Heb. 5:10)

1. Aquí comenzamos a aprender la naturaleza distinta de la de Cristo sacerdocio

2. Como se profetizó en Salmo 110: 4, el Mesías sería «un sacerdote» para siempre según el orden de Melquisedec »

3. Por lo tanto, Su sacerdocio sería diferente del Aarónico o Sacerdocio levítico

a. Diferente, pero ¿sería superior?

b. ¿Sería la diferencia suficiente para convencerlos de no ¿abandonar a Cristo? – La diferencia entre los dos sacerdocios y el la superioridad de Cristo sobre Aarón se retoma más tarde en esta epístola (véase He 7: 1-28)

CONCLUSIÓN

1. La inmadurez espiritual de los lectores hebreos requerirá una digresión temporal (véase He 5: 11-6: 20)

2. Pero por el momento, el autor ha establecido «la Cualificaciones como Sumo Sacerdote «…

a. Él fue divinamente designado

b. Él es comprensivo debido a sus propios sufrimientos

3. Esto hace a Jesús apropiado como el «autor de la salvación eterna»

a. Pero no olvides que Él es el autor de la salvación «para todos los que obedecerlo»

b. ¿Ha prestado obediencia al evangelio de Cristo? – cf. Mk 16:15-16Hch 2: 36-39

REFERENCIA:EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWS» By Mark A. Copeland

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